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dc.contributor.authorBorchers, Patrick J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-21T18:53:19Z
dc.date.available2017-06-21T18:53:19Z
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.identifier.citationPatrick J. Borchers, Forum Selection Agreements in the Federal Courts After Carnival Cruise: A Proposal for Congressional Reform, 67 Wash. L. Rev. 55 (1992).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10504/113415
dc.description.abstractAfter decades of hostility to exclusive forum selection agreements (i.e., agreements that require parties to litigate only in a particular court), the Supreme Court embraced them in 1973 in The Bremen v. Zapata Offshore Co. The Bremen, however, involved two sophisticated business entities of roughly equal bargaining power. It was unclear, however, whether The Bremen's rationale extended beyond such contracts to consumer agreements. In Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute, decided in 1992, the Supreme Court extended The Bremen to this context. The Court thus enforced an exclusive forum selection clause printed on the back of a cruise line ticket and required a plaintiff to bring suit in Florida even though she was a resident in the State of Washington and was injured while the defendant's boat was sailing from Los Angeles. The Court reasoned that the benefits of lower costs to the cruise line in being able to funnel all litigation to a particular court would ultimately be passed on to the consumers of such cruises. The article argues, however, that consumers are at an informational disadvantage in such agreements and that it is cost-prohibitive for them in small transactions to estimate the burden placed on them by such a clause. The article thus proposes a comprehensive statutory scheme that would allow for enforcement of such clauses only in transactions exceeding $50,000.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 1992 Patrick J. Borchersen_US
dc.titleForum selection agreements in the federal courts after Carnival Cruise: A proposal for congressional reformen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright (c) 1992 Patrick J. Borchersen_US
dc.description.volume67en_US
dc.title.workWashington Law Reviewen_US
dc.description.noteBorchers_67WashLRev55.pdfen_US
dc.description.pages55-111en_US
dc.subject.fastConflict of lawsen_US
dc.subject.fastJurisdictionen_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/874831en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/985026en_US
dc.date.year1992en_US
dc.date.monthJanuaryen_US
dc.description.issue1en_US
dc.program.unitSchool of Lawen_US
dc.url.link3http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=983526en_US
dc.url.link1https://www.heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/washlr67&collection=journals&id=65en_US
dc.contributor.cuauthorBorchers, Patrick J.en_US
dc.identifier.viafhttp://viaf.org/viaf/165068140
dc.identifier.isnihttp://isni.org/isni/000000011720119X
dc.identifier.wcihttp://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n96029505/
dc.identifier.ssrnhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=378743


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