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dc.contributor.authorSchmitt, Michael N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWatts, Seanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-08T17:53:09Z
dc.date.available2021-04-08T17:53:09Z
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.citationMichael N. Schmitt & Sean Watts, State Opinio Juris and International Humanitarian Law Pluralism, 91 INT’L L. STUD. 171 (2015).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10504/129741
dc.description.abstractInternational humanitarian law has developed through a pluralistic process. Its history reveals a pattern of rough proportionality between State opinio juris and non-State expressions of law. These diverse sources have maintained a respectable yet realistic balance between humanity and military necessity. However, present IHL dialogue presents a stark contrast to the vibrant and pluralistic exchanges of the past. The substantive input of non-State actors such as non-governmental organizations, tribunals, and scholars far outpaces the work of States. Parity of input, especially in quantitative terms, is surely too much to demand and surely not necessary given the special status of State opinio juris. However, States’ legal agencies and agents should be equipped, organized, and re-empowered to participate actively in the interpretation and development of IHL. This Article, extracted from a larger work, argues that reinvigorating opinio juris would reestablish the pluralistic IHL dialogue that formerly tested, updated, and enriched the balance between military necessity and humanity.en_US
dc.titleState opinio juris and international humanitarian law pluralismen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.volume91en_US
dc.title.workInternational Law Studiesen_US
dc.description.pages171-215en_US
dc.subject.fastHumanitarian law
dc.subject.fastCyberspace operations (Military science)
dc.subject.fastCyberspace
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/00963577en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/01909446en_US
dc.url.fasthttp://id.worldcat.org/fast/885794en_US
dc.date.year2015en_US
dc.program.unitSchool of Lawen_US
dc.url.link3https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2605309en_US
dc.url.link1https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?collection=intyb&handle=hein.intyb/ilsusnwc0091&id=221&men_tab=srchresultsen_US
dc.contributor.cuauthorWatts, Seanen_US
dc.identifier.viafhttp://viaf.org/viaf/306394586en_US
dc.identifier.isnihttp://isni.org/isni/0000000390894812
dc.identifier.wcihttp://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-no2014027840/en_US
dc.identifier.ssrnhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1132366en_US


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