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Cyber law development and the United States Law of War Manual
Sean Watts, Cyber Law Development and the United States Law of War Manual, in International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives 49 (Anna-Maria Osula and Henry Rõigas eds., 2016).
This chapter examines the recently released United States Department of Defense (DoD) Law of War Manual to sample sovereign views on the current state of international law applicable to cyberspace operations and to assess ...
A cyber duty of due diligence: Gentle civilizer or crude destabilizer?
Eric Talbot Jensen & Sean Watts, A Cyber Duty of Due Diligence: Gentle Civilizer or Crude Destabilizer?, 95 Texas L. Rev. 1555 (2017).
Cyber conflict: Once far-fetched, now a global threat
Sean Watts, Cyber Conflict: Once Far-Fetched, Now a Global Threat, Creighton Law., Fall 2013, at 12.
Low-intensity computer network attack and self-defense
Sean Watts, Low-Intensity Computer Network Attack and Self-Defense, 87 Int'l L. Stud. 59 (2011), reprinted in 41 Israel Yearbook on Human Rights 83 (Yoram Dinstein ed., 2011).
Newly created State cyber security agencies, the reality of cyber attacks, and evolutions in cyber attack strategy will have important effects on the UN Charter's security regime, specifically the law governing States' ...
Beyond state-centrism: International law and non-state actors in cyberspace
Michael N. Schmitt & Sean Watts, Beyond State-Centrism: International Law and Non-State Actors in Cyberspace, 21 J. Conflict & Security L. (2016).
Classically, States and non-State actors were differentiated not only by disparities in legal status but also by significant imbalances in resources and capabilities. Not surprisingly, international law developed a ...
Notion of combatancy in cyber warfare
Sean Watts, The Notion of Combatancy in Cyber Warfare, in 2012 4th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Proceedings 235 (Christian Czosseck, Rain Ottis & Katharina Ziolkowski eds., 2012).
This paper proposes an alternate test for combatant status in cyber warfare focused on State affiliation. Long an important, yet overlooked criterion for combatant status, State affiliation enjoys solid textual support in ...
Decline of international law opinio juris and the law of cyber warfare
Michael N. Schmitt & Sean Watts, The Decline of International Law Opinio Juris and the Law of Cyber Warfare, 50 Tex. Int'l L.J. 189 (2015), reprinted in 91 Int'l L. Stud. 171 (2015).
This article sets forth thoughts regarding the performance of States, particularly the United States, in this informal process of the formation and evolution of international humanitarian, with particular attention paid ...
Drones, cyber, and more: International humanitarian law and the path ahead
Sean Watts, Video file: Drones, Cyber, and More: International Humanitarian Law and the Path Ahead, in 2014 LENS Conference: LAWshaping in National Security: The Past, the Progress, and the Path Ahead, held by the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security at Duke Law School (Feb. 28-Mar. 1, 2014).
Fifteen minute excerpt of Sean Watts, one of a panel of three experts at the 20th annual LENS Spring Conference at Duke Law School, discussing how humanitarian law and the law of war is impacted by the increased use of ...
Low-Intensity Cyber Operations and the Principle of Non-Intervention
Sean Watts, Low-Intensity Cyber Operations and the Principle of Non-Intervention, 14 Baltic Y.B. Int'L L. 137 (2014), reprinted in Cyberwar: Law and Ethics for Virtual Conflicts 249 (Jens David Ohlin, Kevin Govern & Claire Finkelstein eds., 2015).
The advent and proliferation of State-sponsored cyber operations, especially low-intensity cyber campaigns producing effects short of destruction and injury, seem likely to augment the importance of non-intervention as a ...
Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the international law applicable to cyber operations
Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations (Michael N. Schmitt ed., 2017) (prepared by the International Group of Experts) (member of the International Group of Experts).