The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE), also known as the Tokyo Trials or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, was in session from April 29, 1946 to November 12, 1948. It was established to try Japanese military and government officials for crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes during World War II. Twenty-eight defendants were charged with waging aggressive war, inhumane treatment of prisoners, and crimes against humanity. Judges for the Tribunal were sent from eleven allied countries: Australia, Canada, China, France, the United Kingdom, India, New Zealand, Holland, the Philippines, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Sir William Webb from Australia served as President of the Tribunal. American Joseph B. Keenan, a former assistant to the U.S. attorney general, was the chief prosecutor.

The legacy of the IMTFE (Tokyo), like the IMT (Nuremberg) before it, is important for the establishment of post-conflict justice as a norm of international law. Prior to the Second World War, defeated militaries and governments were at the mercy of victorious forces who may or may not have carried out severe forms of justice – often without adequate or tested facts upon which to base their judgments. The decision by Allied powers to prosecute Imperial Japanese and Nazi war leaders for their crimes against peace and humanity was a turning point in international law and the jurisprudence that emerged from those international tribunals gave birth of a new field of public law – international criminal law. That field, now 70 years old, is used today to prosecute similar defendants at tribunals in The Hague and around the world. Without the IMTFE and IMT, the groundwork for today’s justice against dictators, war leaders, and despots would not have been laid.

To assist those wanting to do further research on a specific item in the collection, the pages referencing the item from The Tokyo War Crimes Trial : Index and Guide volume 3, are included. The Index and Guide was annotated, compiled, and edited by R. John Pritchard and Sonia Magbanua Zaide and volume 3 includes a narrative summary of the proceedings.

This collection of papers from the Tribunal was originally owned by Thomas Ronald Delaney (Creighton Law '30) and came into his possession during his participation as part of the Tojo prosecution team during the International Military Tribunal of the Far East from 1947-1948. He donated the papers to the Creighton School of Law Library in August 1985.

Recent Submissions

  • Def. Doc. #2502 -- Affidavit of KIDO, Koichi 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Kido, Koichi, 1889-1977; Hozumi, Shigetaki (1947)
    Affidavit of KIDO, Koichi, Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, affirmed and assigned Exhibit No. 3340 by the Tribunal. Read by William Logan on October 14-16, 1947. It includes 326 points, entries from his diary and KIDO's oath ...
  • Def. Doc. #2923 -- Synopsis of Pressure upon Japan by America, England, China and Holland Since July '40 until the outbreak of the War 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1947)
    Defense document for TOJO, Hideki, Prime Minister of Japan, presented to the Tribunal as Exhibit No. 3660 during the reading of TOJO's affidavit on December 29, 1947. It is a brief compiled by the Japanese Foreign Ministry ...
  • Name Index 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1948)
    Lists the pages of the summary on which the defendants were named. This copy lacks some pages, but includes lists for the following: ARAKI, DOHIHARA, HASHIMOTO, HATA, HIRANUMA, HIROTA, HOSHINO, ITAGAKI, KIDO, KOISO, MATSUI, ...
  • Def. Doc. #268 (Revised) -- Excerpt from "Youth and Culture" 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Araki, Sadao, 1877-1966 (1947)
    Defense document for General ARAKI, Sadao, presented to the Tribunal on September 16, 1947. It is an excerpt from his book, "Youth and Culture," which gives advice to young men on how to behave and advocates the principle ...
  • Order of Proof & Running Commentary, Defendant OSHIMA 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Cunningham, Owen (1947)
    First page lists preliminary defense document number with following pages containing a running commentary describing each document for defendant OSHIMA, Hiroshi, Japanese Ambassador to Germany before and during World War ...
  • Order of Proof & Running Commentary, Supplementary, Defendant OSHIMA 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Cunningham, Owen (1947)
    Supplementary list of defense document numbers followed by supplementary pages containing a running commentary describing each document for defendant OSHIMA, Hiroshi, Japanese Ambassador to Germany before and during World ...
  • Def. Doc. #2088 (1) (2) & (3) 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1947)
    Defense document compiled for the Pacific Phase of the trial that was not offered as an exhibit. It is an excerpt from the Japanese document, "Collections of Noteworthy Affairs concerning Military Discipline and Morale" ...
  • Order of Proof, Defendant OSHIMA, Running Commentary 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1947)
    Court proceedings after the introduction of Defense Document 2862 (Exhibit No. 3508), Affidavit of OSHIMA, Hiroshi, Japanese Ambassador to Germany before and during World War II.
  • Def. Doc. #2854 -- Excerpt from Exhibit No. 2692, Official Transcript of the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, on 30 March 1946, (Pages 6814-6816) 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Ribbentrop, Joachim von, 1893-1946 (1947)
    Defense document for OSHIMA, Hiroshi, Japanese Ambassador to Germany before and during World War II, presented to the Tribunal on December 2, 1947, as Exhibit No. 3524. It is an excerpt of the testimony by Joachim Ribbentrop ...
  • Def. Doc. #2946 -- Certificate concerning non-availability of "Principles of Executing the National Policies of the Empire" 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1947)
    Defense document for TOJO, Hideki, Prime Minister of Japan, presented to the Tribunal as Exhibit No. 3661 during the reading of TOJO's affidavit on December 29, 1947. The certificate attests that the document "Principles ...
  • Opening Statement (Defence Division V - USSR) 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1947)
    Opening statement for Division IV of the defense case, read by Aristides Lazarus to the Tribunal on May 16, 1947, concerning Japanese relations with the Soviet Union. It was presented in four sub-divisions: the Anti-Comintern ...
  • IPS Doc. #3288 -- Admiral Shimada Reports on War Conditions to the Throne Honoured With Gracious Imperial Message Approving His Merits Vice Admiral TAKAHASHI and others Also Proceeded to the Imperial Palace. 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Asahi shinbun (Tokyo-ban) (1947)
    Prosecution document received in evidence by the Tribunal as Exhibit No. 3560 during the defense case for SHIMADA, Shigetaro, on December 4, 1947, and was read on December 5, 1947. It is an article dated September 16, 1941, ...
  • Thomas Ronald Delaney Donation Note 

    Delaney, Thomas Ronald (1982)
    T. Ronald Delaney's note about donating this collection of documents to the Creighton University Law Library.
  • Def. Doc. #3000 -- Affidavit of TOJO, Hideki, Individual Defense 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Tojo, Hideki, 1884-1948; Kiyose, Ichiro, 1884-1967; Blewett, George Francis (1947)
    Affidavit of TOJO, Hidiki, Prime Minister of Japan, affirmed and assigned Exhibit No. 3655 by the Tribunal. Read by George Francis Blewett from December 26-30, 1947. It includes TOJO's oath at the end of the document to ...
  • Def. Doc. #2988 -- Defense Individual Summation, TOJO, Hideki, Section N-24 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Kiyose, Ichiro, 1884-1967; Blewett, George Francis (1948)
    Individual summation on behalf of TOJO, Hideki, Prime Minister of Japan, read to the Tribunal by Blewett and Kiyose April 9-12, 1948. It contends that TOJO was not individually guilty of the charges against him, that "no ...
  • Full Indictment 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; A. S. Comyns (Arthur Strettell Comyns); Keenan, Joseph Berry, 1888-1954; Che-Chun, Hsiang; Golunsky, S. A. (Sergei Alexandrovich); Mansfield, A. J. (Alan James); Nolan, H. G. (Henry Grattan); Oneto, Robert L.; Borgerhoff-Mulder, W. G. F. (W. G. Frederick); Quilliam, R. H. (Ronald Henry); Menon, P. Govinda; Lopez, Pedro (1946)
    The United States of America, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Commonweath of Australia, Canada, the Republic of France, the ...
  • Proceeding in Chambers on a Matter brought up by Mr. Caudle in reference to the proposed interrogation of former German Ambassador OTT in Peiping, China 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Webb, William F. (William Flood), 1887-1972; Caudle, Charles B.; Tavenner, Frank S. Jr., 1894-1964; Greenberg, Jack (1947)
    Proceeding in Chambers on a Matter brought up by Mr. Caudle in reference to the proposed interrogation of former German Ambassador OTT in Peiping, China before the Honorable Sir William Webb, President of the Tribunal and ...
  • Proceeding in Chambers on Application of the Defense for the production of witness Major General John R. Beane, USA (Retired) 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Webb, William F. (William Flood), 1887-1972; Blakeney, Ben Bruce; Furness, George A.; Greenberg, Jack (1947)
    Proceeding in Chambers on Application of the Defense for the production of witness Major General John R. Beane, USA (Retired) before the Honorable Sir William Webb, President of the Tribunal and Member from the Commonwealth ...
  • Summation of the Prosecution 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East (1948)
    Summation by the Prosecution presented to the Tribunal beginning on February 11, 1948 and ending on March 2, 1948. This copy lacks the introduction and sections H, K, and AA-YY.
  • Def. Doc. #2807 -- Opening Statement, TOJO, Hideki, Individual Defense 

    International Military Tribunal of the Far East; Kiyose, Ichiro, 1884-1967; Blewett, George Francis (1947)
    Opening statement of TOJO, Hideki, Prime Minister of Japan, read by Dr. Ichiro Kiyose to the Tribunal on December 26, 1947. Statement summarizes the evidence into seven points.|Dr. Ichiro Kiyose, George Francis Blewett, Counsel.

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